Artificial Intelligence - Key Points
- Intelligent behavior can be taken as an outward sign of
a conscious being. It is thought that the phenomenon of
consciousness itself is some kind of emergent property of
complex neuronal dynamics.
- We can operationally define an `intelligent' machine by
its ability to pass the Turing test.
- A computer can be said to have passed
this test if a human questioner is unable to determine
from repeated questions of any kind, whether he or she
is talking to another person or a machine.
- A counter argument, which usually goes under the
name of the
Chinese room experiment attempts to prove that
passing the Turing test is not a fair measure of whether
a machine is truly intelligent.
- This may not apply to neural networks since they are
not `rule-based systems'.
- Attempts to build self-organizing networks have met with
- These use a `competitive' process to set up the
network connections. They can, in principle, tackle
a much wider range of problem than Perceptron or Hopfield
- The prospects for the future look fascinating!